The United States is the lone signatory for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation’s Cross Border Privacy Rules. The APEC Cross Border Privacy Rules set out a self-regulatory framework for the transfer of personal data across national borders. APEC is an inter-governmental organization with 21 member economies that promotes business and trade in the Asia-Pacific region. APEC established a Privacy Framework in 2004 that is generally considered among the weakest privacy frameworks in the world. In 2006, EPIC and a coalition of consumer groups submitted comments to the Department of Commerce detailing the shortcomings of the APEC framework and recommending stronger safeguards for consumers. For more information, see EPIC: International Privacy Standards and EPIC: APEC Privacy Framework.