According to the New York Times, President Obama has concluded that "it is not possible to give American law enforcement and intelligence agencies access to that information without also creating an opening that China, Russia, cybercriminals and terrorists could exploit." Earlier this year Apple CEO Tim Cook said at the EPIC Champions of Freedom dinner, "Criminals are using every technology tool at their disposal to hack into people's accounts. If they know there's a key hidden somewhere, they won't stop until they find it." EPIC launched the public campaign for the freedom to use encryption in 1994 and several of the world's leading cryptographers are members of the EPIC Advisory Board. Tim Cook received the 2015 EPIC Champion of Freedom Award. Past recipients include Max Schrems and Edward Snowden.