An Irish privacy organization is challenging the EU-US framework for transferring personal data, the "Privacy Shield," in the European high court. This challenge follows a decision last year invalidating the previous framework, "Safe Harbor." In that case, the Court of Justice for the European Union concluded Personal data transferred to the United States lacks adequate legal protection. EPIC is participating as amicus curiae in a related case brought by privacy advocate Max Schrems. EPIC also recently submitted a brief to the European Court of Human Rights in a challenge to UK surveillance.