La Quadrature du Net, a French privacy organization, has launched a legal challenge to “Privacy Shield,” a controversial framework for the transfer of personal data from Europe to the United States. This lawsuit follows a similar challenge brought by the Irish group Digital Rights Ireland. "Privacy Shield" was the response of EU and US politicians after the European Court of Justice determined that there was insufficient legal protection for transatlantic data transfers. NGOs in the United States and Europe had urged the adoption of a comprehensive framework for data protection and said that Privacy Shield was not adequate. EPIC also testified before Congress on the need to update US privacy law. EPIC is currently participating as amicus curiae in related case brought by privacy advocate Max Schrems.