EPIC Alert 22.04

======================================================================= E P I C A l e r t ======================================================================= Volume 22.04 February 27, 2015 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Published by the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) Washington, DC http://www.epic.org/alert/epic_alert_22.04.html "Defend Privacy. Support EPIC." http://epic.org/support ========================================================================= Table of Contents ========================================================================= [1] EPIC Prevails in 'Stingray' Case Against FBI [2] EPIC Urges House to Safeguard Student Privacy [3] EPIC Urges UN to Support Secure, Anonymous Communications [4] EPIC v. DHS: DC Circuit Backs Secrecy on 'Internet Kill Switch' [5] President Orders Fed Agencies to Adopt Privacy Rules for Drone Use [6] News in Brief [7] EPIC in the News [8] EPIC Bookstore [9] Upcoming Conferences and Events ========================================================================= [1] EPIC Prevails in 'Stingray' Case Against FBI ========================================================================= A Washington, DC, federal court has awarded EPIC nearly $30,000 in litigation fees for prevailing in a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit against the FBI. Through the lawsuit, EPIC uncovered more than 4,000 pages of FBI documents detailing a previously secret surveillance technology called "Stingray." A Stingray is a device that can triangulate the source of a cellular signal by mimicking a cell phone tower and measuring the signal strength of a particular device from multiple locations. Using Stingrays and other similar "cell site simulator" technologies, government investigators and private individuals can locate, interfere with and even intercept communications from cell phones and other wireless devices. After the government revealed that it had used Stingray-style surveillance in a 2012 criminal case, EPIC filed a FOIA request and subsequent lawsuit to obtain records on Stingray technology. The FBI delayed a response for months, and the court ordered the agency to produce the documents sought by EPIC. Magistrate Judge Alan Kay concluded February 20 that EPIC was entitled to fees for obtaining the records, stating, "EPIC convincingly argues that electronic surveillance by the FBI is a matter of public importance." The use of cell site surveillance technologies has drawn scrutiny from lawmakers as well as journalists and the public. At the end of 2014, Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-VT.) and Ranking Member Chuck Grassley (R-IA) sent a letter to Attorney General Eric Holder and Secretary of Homeland Security Jeh Johnson, writing they were "concerned about whether the FBI and other law enforcement agencies have adequately considered the privacy interests of other individuals who are not the targets of the interception, but whose information is nevertheless being collected when these devices are being used." DC District Court: Opinion in EPIC v. FBI (Feb. 20, 2015) https://epic.org/foia/fbi/EPIC-v-FBI-Fees.pdf EPIC: EPIC v. FBI - Stingray/Cell Site Simulator https://epic.org/foia/fbi/stingray/ Sen. Grassley (R-IA): Press Release on StingRay Letter (Dec. 31, 2014) http://epic.org/redirect/022715-grassley-stingray.html ======================================================================== [2] EPIC Urges House to Safeguard Student Privacy ======================================================================== EPIC sent a statement to a US House Committee on Education in advance of the Committee's Feb. 12 hearing on "How Emerging Technology Affects Student Privacy." EPIC urged the Committee to "pursue effective measures that meaningfully safeguard student data," including adoption of the Student Privacy Bill of Rights, privacy enhancing techniques and a private right of action against companies that unlawfully disclose student data. "New technology is routinely deployed in classrooms without meaningful accountability, oversight, and transparency," EPIC wrote. "More than ever, students experience routine and pervasive surveillance that threatens fundamental privacy and intellectual freedom rights. And schools and companies fail to adequately safeguard the student data they collect." EPIC argued that to meaningfully protect student privacy, "Congress must enact strong baseline measures, including the Student Privacy Bill of Rights and Privacy Enhancing Techniques." EPIC also urged Congress to give students and their parents a private right of action against companies that unlawfully disclose student data. Representative Todd Rokita (R-IN), Chairman of the House Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Elementary, and Secondary Education, convened the hearing, which focused on potential updates to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). FERPA prevents schools from disclosing student records without student or parental consent, and permits students to access their records and amend or delete "inaccurate, misleading or otherwise inappropriate data" in their education records. The hearing explored whether and how Congress should update FERPA in light of new classroom technologies. President Obama recently proposed legislation to "ensure that data collected in the educational context is used only for educational purposes." In 2013, EPIC urged Congress to investigate student privacy practices and strengthen FERPA. In 2014, EPIC wrote the Student Privacy Bill of Rights, an enforceable student privacy and data security framework. EPIC has filed extensive complaints with the Federal Trade Commission, urging the Commission to safeguard students' personal information. EPIC: "How Emerging Technology Affects Student Privacy" (Feb. 11, 2015) http://epic.org/redirect/022715-epic-edcommittee-letter.html US House: Hearing on Emerging Tech and Student Privacy (Feb. 12, 2015) http://epic.org/redirect/022715-house-ed-hearing.html EPIC: Student Privacy https://epic.org/privacy/student/ EPIC: Student Privacy Bill of Rights https://epic.org/privacy/student/bill-of-rights.html The White House: Safeguarding US Consumers & Families (Jan. 12, 2015) http://epic.org/redirect/012715/wh-privacy.html EPIC: Letter to Congress re: Student Privacy (Oct. 9, 2013) https://epic.org/apa/ferpa/EPIC-ED-Student-Privacy-Letter.pdf EPIC: EPIC v. US Department of Education https://epic.org/apa/ferpa/ EPIC: Maricopa County Community College District (Sept. 29, 2014) https://epic.org/privacy/student/EPIC-Safeguards-Rule-Complaint.pdf EPIC: In the Matter of Scholarships.com, LLC (Dec. 12, 2013) https://epic.org/privacy/student/EPIC-FTC-Compl-Scholarships.com.pdf ========================================================================= [3] EPIC Urges UN to Support Secure, Anonymous Communications ========================================================================= In a letter to the UN Special Rapporteur, EPIC urged the UN Human Rights Committee to support the use of encryption and anonymity in digital communications. The Rapporteur is studying encryption and anonymity for a report due to the UN Human Rights Council later in 2015. "Encryption and anonymity are recognized internationally as the fundamental pillars of the right to privacy," EPIC stated, adding, "In our modern age, encryption is the key technique and anonymity is the core legal right that protects the right to privacy." EPIC has a long history of supporting encryption in anonymity. In 1994, the year EPIC was established, EPIC led the effort in the US to oppose the NSA's proposal for key escrow encryption (known as "Clipper Chip"), which would have severely crippled the privacy and security of online communications. EPIC filed a "friend of the court" brief with the Sixth Circuit in 2001, arguing the importance of anonymity to the First Amendment. In 2007 EPIC argued in support of anonymity in a brief filed with the Supreme Court of New Jersey. In 2014 EPIC and other groups urged the National Institute of Standards and Technology to adopt "secure and resilient encryption standards, free from back doors or other known vulnerabilities" after reports that the NSA "had exerted influence over NIST in order to intentionally weaken NIST cryptographic standards." EPIC: Letter to UN Special Rapporteur re: encryption (Feb. 10, 2015) https://epic.org/misc/EPIC-UNCHR-ltr-02-2015.pdf EPIC: Brief in Watchtower v. Stratton, Ohio (Nov. 2001) https://epic.org/free_speech/watchtower_amicus.pdf EPIC: Brief in NJ v. Shirley Reid (Jul. 5, 2007) https://epic.org/privacy/nj_reid/amicus_reid.pdf EPIC: Coalition Letter to NIST re: secure encryption (Nov. 20, 2014) https://epic.org/misc/Coalition-NIST-Nov2014.pdf EPIC: The Clipper Chip https://epic.org/crypto/clipper/ ======================================================================== [4] EPIC v. DHS: DC Circuit Backs Secrecy on 'Internet Kill Switch' ========================================================================= The DC Circuit Court of Appeals has ruled that the Department of Homeland Security may withhold from the public a secret procedure for shutting down cell phone service. Citing security risks, the DC Circuit determined that the DHS was not required to release the text of Standard Operating Procedure 303 (SOP 303), the agency's protocol for coordinating the shutdown of cell phone service, or even documents relating to SOP 303. The court further remanded the case to the lower court to determine whether any portion of the SOP 303-related documents can be separated from the confidential documents and released. SOP 303 codifies "a shutdown and restoration process for use by commercial and private wireless networks during national crises." The court relied heavily on DHS's assertion that lives would be endangered if the text of SOP 303 were made public. EPIC argued, and a lower court agreed in 2013, that the agency could not withhold documents under the FOIA without specifying the actors (law enforcement, family members, potential witnesses) harmed by the public disclosure of the documents. DHS's appeal maintained that "bad actors" would take the public disclosure of the protocol as an opportunity to circumvent it. EPIC filed a FOIA request with DHS after a 2011 incident in which San Francisco government officials disabled cell phone service for three hours during a peaceful protest at BART subway stations. EPIC sued DHS when the agency failed to release the criteria and guidelines it follows for coordinating a network shutdown. DC Circuit Court: Opinion in EPIC v. DHS (Feb. 10, 2015) http://epic.org/redirect/022715-dc-opinion-killswitch.html DC District Court: Opinion in EPIC v. DHS (Nov. 11, 2013) https://epic.org/foia/dhs/internet-kill-switch/DCD-Order.pdf EPIC: EPIC v. DHS - SOP 303 https://epic.org/foia/dhs/internet-kill-switch/ EPIC: Protestor Privacy and Free Expression Rights https://epic.org/privacy/protest/ EPIC: FOIA.ROCKS FOIA.ROCKS ========================================================================= [5] President Orders Fed Agencies to Adopt Privacy Rules for Drone Use ========================================================================= President Obama has issued a new Presidential Memorandum requiring all federal agencies to adopt privacy rules for drone use. The Memorandum is intended to limit the collection and use of Personally Identifiable Information and will require agencies to adopt transparency and accountability procedures, including a publicly available annual report summarizing the drone operations from the previous year. The Memorandum specifies privacy protections in the following areas: 1) Collection, use, retention, and dissemination of PII; 2) Protection of civil liberties; 3) Government accountability; 4) Transparency. It also requires a "multi-stakeholder engagement process… to communicate best practices, for privacy, accountability, and transparency issues." The Federal Aviation Administration has also proposed new regulations for commercial drone use in the US. These rules will establish safety procedures for drone use, including maximum height, weight and line-of- sight operation, but do not address the privacy impact of drones. EPIC testified before Congress on the issue of drones in 2013, emphasizing drones' unique threat to privacy and the inadequacy of current law. EPIC recommended drone legislation that would place limitations on data use and retention and provide transparency and public accountability. In 2013 comments to the FAA, EPIC recommended compliance with the Fair Information Practices as well as requiring drone operators to disclose data collection and minimization practices. The Memorandum incorporates many of the recommendations made by EPIC in testimony to Congress and comments to federal agencies. In 2012, EPIC, joined by more than 100 organizations, experts, and members of the public, petitioned the FAA to establish clear privacy rules for commercial drone operators. "Drones greatly increase the capacity for domestic surveillance," stated the petition. The White House: Memorandum re: Domestic Drone Use (Feb. 15, 2015) http://epic.org/redirect/022715-wh-drone-memorandum.html FAA: Press Release on Proposed New Rules for Drones (Feb. 15, 2015) http://epic.org/redirect/022715-faa-drone-release.html EPIC: Congressional Testimony re: domestic drones (Mar. 20, 2013) http://epic.org/redirect/032913-epic-drone-testimony.html EPIC: Comments to FAA re: drone test site program (Apr. 23, 2013) https://epic.org/privacy/drones/EPIC-Drones-Comments-2013.pdf EPIC: Petition to FAA re: drones and privacy (Feb. 24, 2012) https://epic.org/privacy/drones/FAA-553e-Petition-03-08-12.pdf EPIC: Domestic Drones https://epic.org/privacy/drones/ ======================================================================== [6] News in Brief ======================================================================== EPIC Challenges Samsung's Surveillance of the Home, Files FTC Complaint EPIC has filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission over Samsung's SmartTVs. "Samsung routinely intercepts and records the private communications of consumers in their homes," EPIC wrote. EPIC detailed widespread consumer objections, charging that "privacy notices" do not diminish the harm to American consumers. In setting out the privacy violations, EPIC cited the FTC Act, the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act, The Cable Act, and the Electronic Communications Privacy Act. EPIC also noted FTC Chair Edith Ramirez's recent speech about privacy and consumer products. EPIC asked the FTC to enjoin Samsung and other companies that engage in similar practices. EPIC: Complaint to FTC re: Samsung SmartTV (Feb. 24, 2015) https://epic.org/privacy/internet/ftc/Samsung/EPIC-FTC-Samsung.pdf EPIC: COPPA https://epic.org/privacy/kids/ EPIC: ECPA https://epic.org/privacy/ecpa/ FTC: Edith Ramirez Speech on IoT (Jan. 5, 2015) http://epic.org/redirect/022715-ramirez-iot-speech.html EPIC: FTC https://epic.org/privacy/internet/ftc/ Executive Order Calls for More Cybersecurity Info 'Sharing' The President has announced an Executive Order promoting collaboration between the private sector and the government to counter cyber threats. The Order encourages the companies to disclose user data to the federal government outside any judicial process. It also promotes compliance with Fair Information Practices and adoption of such Privacy Enhancing Techniques as data minimization. The Executive Order is one of several cybersecurity initiatives announced by the President. In EPIC v. NSA, after a five-year court battle, EPIC obtained National Security Presidential Directive 54, which revealed the NSA's role in domestic cybersecurity. The White House: Press Release on EO (Feb. 12, 2015) http://epic.org/redirect/022715-wh-eo-release.html The White House: Fact Sheet on Cyber Sharing (Feb. 12, 2015) http://epic.org/redirect/022715-wh-cyber-share.html EPIC: NSPD-54 https://epic.org/privacy/cybersecurity/EPIC-FOIA-NSPD54.pdf Senator Markey Report Warns of Risks with 'Connected Cars' A report from Senator Edward Markey (D-MA) finds lax privacy practices at leading auto manufacturers. The Senator said the auto industry safeguards for data collection are "inconsistent" and "haphazard." The investigation also revealed that "automobile manufacturers collect large amounts of data on driving history and vehicle performance." Senator Markey has called on the Department of Transportation and the Federal Trade Commission to issue rules to protect driver privacy and security. EPIC has urged the Department of Transportation to protect driver privacy, and written extensively on interconnected devices known as the "Internet of Things," stating that "cars should not spy on drivers." Sen. Ed Markey: Press Release on Report (Feb. 9, 2015) http://epic.org/redirect/022715-markey-cars.html EPIC et al: Comments to NHTSA on Car "Black Boxes" (Feb. 11, 2013) https://epic.org/privacy/edrs/EPIC-Coal-NHTSA-EDR-Cmts.pdf EPIC: Driver Privacy https://epic.org/privacy/drivers/ Costco Connection: "Are Vehicle Black Boxes a Good Thing?" (Apr. 2012) http://www.costcoconnection.com/connection/201304?pg=24# EPIC: Internet of Things (IoT) https://epic.org/privacy/internet/iot/ USA Today: "Another view: Steer clear of cars that spy," by EPIC President Marc Rotenberg (Aug. 18, 2011) http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/opinion/editorials/2011-08-18- car-insurance-monitors-driving-snapshot_n.htm ======================================================================== [7] EPIC in the News ======================================================================== "The Rules of the Sky." Slate, Feb. 25, 2015. http://www.slate.com/articles/technology/future_tense/2015/02/ faa_small_commercial_drone_rules_don_t_adequately_address_ privacy_concerns.single.html "StingRay surveillance: Cellphone tracker has high potential for abuse, say critics of Santa Clara County proposal." San Jose Mercury News, Feb. 24, 2015. http://www.mercurynews.com/crime-courts/ci_27585884/proposed-santa- clara-county-cell-phone-tracker-has "Data Collection at Schools: Is Big Brother Watching Your Kids?" Yahoo Parenting, Feb. 23, 2015. https://www.yahoo.com/parenting/data-collection-at-schools-is-big- brother-111889795072.html "Rights groups urge action after alleged US-UK SIM card hack." Jurist, Feb. 20, 2015. http://jurist.org/paperchase/2015/02/rights-groups-urge-action- after-us-uk-sim-card-hack.php "Is your child's personal data safe at school?" PBS NewsHour, Feb. 20, 2015. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/updates/data-child-public/ "AT&T Wants Customers To Pay Extra Fee For Added Privacy." TechTimes, Feb. 19, 2015. http://www.techtimes.com/articles/33834/20150219/at-t-wants- customers-to-pay-extra-fee-for-added-privacy.htm "Here Is the Spy Equipment That Powers the FBI's Secret Dragnet." Gizmodo, Feb. 18, 2015. http://gizmodo.com/here-is-the-spy-equipment-that-powers-the-fbis- secret-d-1686317256 "Could Army use high-tech blimp to spy on Americans?" CBS News, Feb. 18, 2015. http://www.cbsnews.com/news/army-missile-defense-blimp-has- americans-worried-about-privacy/ "AT&T Offers Data Privacy — for a Price." The Wall Street Journal, Feb. 18, 2015. http://blogs.wsj.com/digits/2015/02/18/att-offers-data-privacy-for- a-price/ "Obama Calls for New Cooperation to Wrangle the 'Wild West' Internet." The New York Times, Feb. 13, 2015. http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/14/business/obama-urges-tech- companies-to-cooperate-on-internet-security.html For More EPIC in the News: http://epic.org/news/epic_in_news.html =================================== [8] EPIC Bookstore =================================== "Privacy in the Modern Age: The Search for Solutions," edited by Marc Rotenberg, Julia Horwitz and Jeramie Scott. The New Press (May 2015). Price: $25.95. http://epic.org/buy-privacy-modern-age The threats to privacy are well known: The National Security Agency tracks our phone calls; Google records where we go online and how we set our thermostats; Facebook changes our privacy settings when it wishes; Target gets hacked and loses control of our credit card information; our medical records are available for sale to strangers; our children are fingerprinted and their every test score saved for posterity; and small robots patrol our schoolyards while drones may soon fill our skies. The contributors to this anthology don't simply describe these problems or warn about the loss of privacy—they propose solutions. They look closely at business practices, public policy, and technology design and ask, "Should this continue? Is there a better approach?" They take seriously the dictum of Thomas Edison: "What one creates with his hand, he should control with his head." It's a new approach to the privacy debate, one that assumes privacy is worth protecting, that there are solutions to be found, and that the future is not yet known. This volume will be an essential reference for policy makers and researchers, journalists and scholars, and others looking for answers to one of the biggest challenges of our modern day. The premise is clear: There's a problem — let's find a solution. Contributors include: Steven Aftergood, Ross Anderson, Christine L. Borgman (coauthored with Kent Wada and James F. Davis), Ryan Calo, Danielle Citron, Simon Davies, A. Michael Froomkin, Deborah Hurley, Kristina Irion, Jeff Jonas, Harry Lewis, Anna Lysyanskaya, Gary T. Marx, Aleecia M. McDonald, Dr. Pablo G. Molina, Peter G. Neumann, Helen Nissenbaum, Frank Pasquale, Dr. Deborah Peel, MD, Stephanie E. Perrin, Marc Rotenberg, Pamela Samuelson, Bruce Schneier, and Christopher Wolf. ================================== "Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws 2010," edited by Harry A. Hammitt, Marc Rotenberg, John A. Verdi, Ginger McCall, and Mark S. Zaid (EPIC 2010). Price: $75. http://epic.org/bookstore/foia2010/ Litigation Under the Federal Open Government Laws is the most comprehensive, authoritative discussion of the federal open access laws. This updated version includes new material regarding President Obama's 2009 memo on Open Government, Attorney General Holder's March 2009 memo on FOIA Guidance, and the new executive order on declassification. The standard reference work includes in-depth analysis of litigation under: the Freedom of Information Act, the Privacy Act, the Federal Advisory Committee Act, and the Government in the Sunshine Act. The fully updated 2010 volume is the 25th edition of the manual that lawyers, journalists and researchers have relied on for more than 25 years. ================================ "Information Privacy Law: Cases and Materials, Second Edition" Daniel J. Solove, Marc Rotenberg, and Paul Schwartz. (Aspen 2005). Price: $98. http://www.epic.org/redirect/aspen_ipl_casebook.html This clear, comprehensive introduction to the field of information privacy law allows instructors to enliven their teaching of fundamental concepts by addressing both enduring and emerging controversies. The Second Edition addresses numerous rapidly developing areas of privacy law, including: identity theft, government data mining and electronic surveillance law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, intelligence sharing, RFID tags, GPS, spyware, web bugs, and more. Information Privacy Law, Second Edition, builds a cohesive foundation for an exciting course in this rapidly evolving area of law. ================================ "Privacy & Human Rights 2006: An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Developments" (EPIC 2007). Price: $75. http://www.epic.org/phr06/ This annual report by EPIC and Privacy International provides an overview of key privacy topics and reviews the state of privacy in over 75 countries around the world. The report outlines legal protections, new challenges, and important issues and events relating to privacy. Privacy & Human Rights 2006 is the most comprehensive report on privacy and data protection ever published. ================================ "The Public Voice WSIS Sourcebook: Perspectives on the World Summit on the Information Society" (EPIC 2004). Price: $40. http://www.epic.org/bookstore/pvsourcebook This resource promotes a dialogue on the issues, the outcomes, and the process of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). This reference guide provides the official UN documents, regional and issue-oriented perspectives, and recommendations and proposals for future action, as well as a useful list of resources and contacts for individuals and organizations that wish to become more involved in the WSIS process. ================================ "The Privacy Law Sourcebook 2004: United States Law, International Law, and Recent Developments," Marc Rotenberg, editor (EPIC 2005). Price: $40. http://www.epic.org/bookstore/pls2004/ The Privacy Law Sourcebook, which has been called the "Physician's Desk Reference" of the privacy world, is the leading resource for students, attorneys, researchers, and journalists interested in pursuing privacy law in the United States and around the world. It includes the full texts of major privacy laws and directives such as the Fair Credit Reporting Act, the Privacy Act, and the OECD Privacy Guidelines, as well as an up-to-date section on recent developments. New materials include the APEC Privacy Framework, the Video Voyeurism Prevention Act, and the CAN-SPAM Act. ================================ "Filters and Freedom 2.0: Free Speech Perspectives on Internet Content Controls" (EPIC 2001). Price: $20. http://www.epic.org/bookstore/filters2.0 A collection of essays, studies, and critiques of Internet content filtering. These papers are instrumental in explaining why filtering threatens free expression. ================================ EPIC publications and other books on privacy, open government, free expression, and constitutional values can be ordered at: EPIC Bookstore: http://www.epic.org/bookstore ================================ EPIC also publishes EPIC FOIA Notes, which provides brief summaries of interesting documents obtained from government agencies under the Freedom of Information Act. Subscribe to EPIC FOIA Notes at: http://mailman.epic.org/mailman/listinfo/foia_notes ======================================================================= [9] Upcoming Conferences and Events ======================================================================= Book Signing for EPIC Board member Bruce Schneier's new book "Data and Goliath: The Hidden Battles to Capture Your Data and Control Your World." Washington, DC, Mar. 5, 2015. For More Information: http://store-locator.barnesandnoble.com/event/85909. USCIB Presents: "Promoting Inclusive Growth in the Digital Economy: The OECD Evidence and Practice Base." Speaker: EPIC President Marc Rotenberg. Washington, DC, March 10, 2014. For More Information: http://www.uscib.org/docs/Draft_Agenda_2015.pdf. "Connected Cars: Consumer Benefits and Challenges." Speaker: EPIC Administrative Law Counsel Khaliah Barnes. Washington, DC: Consumer Assembly 2015 Consumer Federation of America, March 12, 2015. For More Information: https://www.signup4.net/public/ap.aspx?EID= CONS164E&OID=50. "Data Privacy: Can Innovation and Privacy Coexist"/"'Designing Principles for a Trusted Environment." Speaker: Director, EPIC Student Privacy Project Khaliah Barnes. Austin, TX: SXSWedu, Mar. 9-11, 2015. For More Information: http://sxswedu.com/. The 5th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy. Georgetown Law Center, Washington DC, June 3 - 4, 2015. For More Information: www.healthprivacysummit.org. ======================================================================= Join EPIC on Facebook and Twitter ======================================================================= Join the Electronic Privacy Information Center on Facebook and Twitter: http://facebook.com/epicprivacy http://epic.org/facebook http://twitter.com/epicprivacy Start a discussion on privacy. Let us know your thoughts. Stay up to date with EPIC's events. Support EPIC. ======================================================================= Privacy Policy ======================================================================= The EPIC Alert mailing list is used only to mail the EPIC Alert and to send notices about EPIC activities. We do not sell, rent or share our mailing list. We also intend to challenge any subpoena or other legal process seeking access to our mailing list. We do not enhance (link to other databases) our mailing list or require your actual name. In the event you wish to subscribe or unsubscribe your e-mail address from this list, please follow the above instructions under "subscription information." ======================================================================= About EPIC ======================================================================= The Electronic Privacy Information Center is a public interest research center in Washington, DC. It was established in 1994 to focus public attention on emerging privacy issues such as the Clipper Chip, the Digital Telephony proposal, national ID cards, medical record privacy, and the collection and sale of personal information. EPIC publishes the EPIC Alert, pursues Freedom of Information Act litigation, and conducts policy research. For more information, see http://www.epic.orgor write EPIC, 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. +1 202 483 1140 (tel), +1 202 483 1248 (fax). ======================================================================= Support EPIC ======================================================================= If you'd like to support the work of the Electronic Privacy Information Center, contributions are welcome and fully tax-deductible. Checks should be made out to "EPIC" and sent to 1718 Connecticut Ave. NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20009. Or you can contribute online at: http://www.epic.org/support Your contributions will help support Freedom of Information Act and First Amendment litigation, strong and effective advocacy for the right of privacy and efforts to oppose government and private-sector infringement on constitutional values. ======================================================================= Subscription Information ======================================================================= Subscribe/unsubscribe via web interface: http://mailman.epic.org/mailman/listinfo/epic_news Back issues are available at: http://www.epic.org/alert The EPIC Alert displays best in a fixed-width font, such as Courier. ------------------------- END EPIC Alert 22.04------------------------

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