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Speaker Biographies

Anita L. Allen

Anita L. Allen is Professor of Law and Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania, where she teaches Privacy Law, Bioethics and Jurisprudence, and is an advisor to the Center for Bioethics. She earned her law degree from Harvard and her Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Michigan. She briefly practiced law at Cravath, Swaine & Moore in New York. Professor Allen was Associate Dean for Research at the Georgetown University Law Center in Washington, D.C., and Chair of Board of Planned Parenthood of Metropolitan Washington. She is currently on the Executive Committee of the Association of American Law Schools. She was a member of the National Advisory Committee on Human Genome Research at the National Institutes of Health, and has served on an Institute of Medicine Committee studying the Role of Women in Clinical Trials. Professor Allen has written many articles on a range of topics, including genetic privacy, medical confidentiality, abortion rights, surrogate parenting, and AIDS. Currently at work on three books, she is the author of dozens of scholarly articles and co-editor of books that include Privacy Law, Debating Democracy's Discontent and Uneasy Access: Privacy for Women in a Free Society. She lectures at colleges and universities throughout the United States, and will be Visiting Professor of Law at Yale this fall. She resides in Haverford, Pennsylvania with husband Paul Castellitto and their two children.

Hon. John B. Anderson

John has been President of World Federalist Association since 1992. After 1942 graduation from the University of Illinois, his law studies there were interrupted by World War II service; he became Staff Sergeant before honorable discharge in 1943. After earning an LL.M. degree from Harvard Law School, he became a Foreign Service Officer for the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany. His political career began with a 1956 appointment as State's Attorney in Illinois, and then he served that state as a Republican in the U.S. Congress for 20 years, 1960-1980. As an independent candidate in the 1980 election for the Presidency of the United States, he received approximately 7% of the popular vote. He then accepted Political Science teaching invitations at several institutions, and is now Professor of Law at American University (DC) and Nova University (Florida). He married Keke Machakos in 1952 and is father of five children.

James Boyle

James Boyle is a Professor of Law at the Duke Law School. He has also taught at American University, Yale, Harvard, and at the University of Pennsylvania Law School. He received his LL.B. (Hons) from Glasgow University, and an LL.M. and S.J.D. from Harvard Law School where he was a Frank Knox Fellow. He teaches Intellectual Property, the Constitution in Cyberspace, Law & Literature, and Torts. His recent work has been on the legal issues posed by the commodification of all forms of information: from genetic and cultural, to electronic and commercial. His book on the subject, Shamans, Software and Spleens: Law and the Construction of the Information Society was published by Harvard University Press in 1997. His newspaper articles have been published in the New York Times, the Financial Times, the Washington Times, Salon, Newsweek, The Times Literary Supplement, and the Christian Science Monitor. He also has worked on a number of electronic civil liberty issues and is a member of the advisory board of the Electronic Privacy Information Center, and the Board of the Center for the Public Domain. He is currently working on a book called Net Total: Law, Politics & Property in Cyberspace.

Julie E. Cohen

Professor Cohen teaches and writes about intellectual property law and data privacy law, with particular focus on computer software and digital works and on the intersection of copyright, privacy, and the First Amendment in cyberspace. She is a member of the Advisory Board of the Electronic Privacy Information Center and the Board of Academic Advisors to the American Committee for Interoperable Systems, and a member of the Committee of Concerned Intellectual Property Educators, a member organization of the Digital Future Coalition. Prior to joining the Law Center Faculty in 1999, Professor Cohen was Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. She previously practiced with the San Francisco firm of McCutchen, Doyle, Brown & Enersen, where she specialized in intellectual property litigation. She was law clerk to the Honorable Stephen Reinhardt of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Simon Davies

Simon Davies is Director of Privacy International and Lecturer in Computer Security at the London School of Economics. He is the founder of the Big Brother Award, a prize granted to oganisations and individuals for committing particularly flagrant violations of the right to privacy.

Whitfield Diffie

Whitfield Diffie, who is best known for his 1975 discovery of the concept of public key cryptography, has occupied the position of Distinguished Engineer at Sun Microsystems since 1991. Prior to this, he was Manager of Secure Systems Research at Northern Telecom, a position he had held since 1978. Diffie is a graduate in mathematics of MIT and Dr. sc. techn. (hc) of the ETH in Zurich. Since 1993, Diffie has worked largely on public policy aspects of cryptography. His position --- in opposition to limitations on the business and personal use of cryptography --- has been the subject of articles in the New York Times Magazine, Newsweek, Wired, Omni, and Discover and has been the subject of programs on CNN, the Discovery Channel, Equinox TV in Britain, and the Japanese TV network NHK. Diffie is a fellow of the Marconi Foundation and author, jointly with Susan Landau, of the book Privacy on the Line.

David J. Farber

David J. Farber is the Alfred Fitler Moore Professor of Telecommunication Systems at the University of Pennsylvania, holding appointments in the Departments of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering. He was responsible for the design of the DCS system, one of the first operational message based fully distributed systems and is one of the authors of the SNOBOL programming language. He was one of the principals in the creation and implementation of CSNet, NSFNet, BITNET II, and CREN. He was instrumental in the creation of the NSF/DARPA funded Gigabit Network Testbed Initiative and served as the Chairman of the Gigabit Testbed Coordinating Committee. His background includes positions at the Bell Labs, the Rand Corp, Xerox Data Systems, UC Irvine and the University of Delaware. He is a member of the US Presidential Advisory Committee of Information Technology. In addition, he is a Fellow of the IEEE and serves on the Board of Directors of both the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the Internet Society. He was a 10 year alumni of the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) of the US National Research Council. He is a Fellow of the Japan Glocom Institute and of the Cyberlaw Institute.

Oscar H. Gandy, Jr.

Oscar H. Gandy, Jr. is the Herbert I. Schiller Information and Society Term Professor at the Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Pennsylvania. Previously he was Director of the Center for Communication Research at Howard University. His PhD in public affairs communication was awarded by Stanford University in 1976. He is author of The Panoptic Sort and Beyond Agenda Setting, two books that explore issues of information and public policy. His most recent work is in the area of communication and race and the ways in which the media frame racial comparisons. His most recent book, Communication and Race, explores the structure of media and society, as well as the cognitive structures that reflect and are reproduced through media use. A book in progress, If It Weren't for Bad Luck, explores the ways in which probability and its representation affect the lives of different groups in society. He has been an active member of several professional organizations, serving as Head of the Minorities and Communication Division, and Chair of the Standing Committee on Research for the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, and as a member of the International Council of the International Association for Media and Communication Research. He was awarded the Dallas Smythe Award in 1998 from the Union for Democratic Communication and the Wayne Danielson Award from the University of Texas, at Austin in 2000.

Michael Geist

Michael Geist is a law professor at the University of Ottawa specializing in Internet and e-commerce law and Director of E-Commerce Law with the Canadian law firm of Goodmans LLP. Professor Geist has obtained law degrees from Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto, Cambridge University in the UK, and Columbia Law School in New York. He has written numerous academic articles and government reports on the Internet and law, is national columnist on cyberlaw issues for the Globe and Mail, the creator and consulting editor of BNA's Internet Law News, a daily Internet law news service, editor of the monthly newsletter, Internet and E-commerce Law in Canada (Butterworths), on the advisory boards of several leading Internet law publications including Electronic Commerce & Law Report (BNA), the Journal of Internet Law (Aspen) and Internet Law and Business (Computer Law Reporter) as well as the author of the textbook Internet Law in Canada (Captus Press). He is regularly quoted in the national and international media on Internet law issues and has appeared before government committees on e-commerce policy.

Austin Hill

Austin Hill is Co-founder and Executive Vice President of Zero-Knowledge Systems. A serial entrepreneur, Austin has built three Internet companies from the ground up - beginning with his first at age 17. Before co-founding Zero-Knowledge Systems, Austin was founder and president of Infobahn Online Services, which merged to form TotalNet, one of Canada's most successful Internet companies to date. Prior to TotalNet, he created Cyberspace Data Security, an early network security consulting firm. A frequent lecturer on privacy and security, Austin has spoken at international venues including COMDEX and the International Conference on Privacy and Personal Data Protection. An authority on privacy-related policy issues, Austin has addressed the Federal Trade Commission on the subjects of children's online privacy and online profiling, and was selected to participate in the World Economic Forum 2001 annual meeting in Davos, Switzerland as one of 100 Technology Pioneers. He has been quoted or profiled in leading media including the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, USA Today, BusinessWeek, Time, Wired magazine and 60 Minutes. Austin is an Advisory Board member of the Electronic Privacy Information Center.

Deborah Hurley

Deborah Hurley is the Director of the Harvard Information Infrastructure Project at Harvard University. Ms. Hurley was an official (1988-96) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Paris, France. At the OECD, Ms. Hurley wrote the seminal report on information network security (1989) and was responsible for the drafting, negotiation and adoption by OECD member countries of the 1992 OECD Guidelines for Security of Information Systems. In the early 1990s, she initiated the OECD activities on cryptography technologies and policy. She was also responsible for the OECD privacy activities. From 1983 through 1988, Ms. Hurley practiced intellectual property and computer law in the United States (1983-88). She is a member of the Advisory Committee to the U.S. State Department on International Communications and Information Policy, the Board of Directors of the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), and the Advisory Committee on International Science of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Marc Rotenberg

Marc Rotenberg is Executive Director of the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) in Washington, DC. He teaches information privacy law at Georgetown University Law Center and has testified before Congress on many issues, including access to information, encryption policy, computer security, and communications privacy. He has served on several national and international advisory panels, including the expert panels on Cryptography Policy and Computer Security for the OECD and the Legal Experts on Cyberspace Law for UNESCO. He is editor of The Privacy Law Sourcebook and co-editor (with Phil Agre) of Technology and Privacy: The New Landscape (MIT Press 1998). He is a graduate of Harvard College and Stanford Law School. He is the winner of the 2000 Norbert Wiener Award for Professional and Social Responsibility, the Berkeley Center for Law and Technology Distinguished Service Award and a finalist for the World Technology Award in Law.

Pamela Samuelson

Pamela Samuelson is a Professor at the University of California at Berkeley with a joint appointment in the School of Information Management & Systems as well as in the School of Law where she is a Director of the Berkeley Center for Law & Technology. She teaches courses on intellectual property, cyberlaw and information policy. She has written and spoken extensively about the challenges that new information technologies pose for traditional legal regimes, especially for intellectual property law.

In June of 1997 she was named a Fellow of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Samuelson is also a Fellow of the Association of Computing Machinery, a Public Policy Fellow and a member of the Board of Directors of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a member of the American Law Institute, and a member of the Board of Directors for the Northern California chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union. From 1990-2000 she was a Contributing Editor of the computing professionals' journal, Communications of the ACM, for which she wrote a regular "Legally Speaking" column.

In May 2000 she received a Distinguished Alumni Award from the University of Hawaii Law School. Samuelson is currently serving on the National Research Council's Study Committee on Intellectual Property Rights in the Knowledge-Based Economy and previously served on the Council's Study Committee on Intellectual Property Rights and the National Information Infrastructure which produced a report entitled "The Digital Dilemma: Intellectual Property Rights in an Information Age." In June 2000, the National Law Journal named her as one of the hundred most influential lawyers in the U.S.

A 1976 graduate of Yale Law School, she practiced law as an associate with the New York law firm Willkie Farr & Gallagher before turning to more academic pursuits. From 1981 through June 1996 she was a member of the faculty at the University of Pittsburgh Law School, from which she visited at Columbia, Cornell, and Emory Law Schools.

Paul M. Schwartz

Paul M. Schwartz is a Professor of Law at Brooklyn Law School (Brooklyn, New York). A leading international expert on informational privacy and information law, he has published and lectured in these areas in the United States and Europe.

In this country, his articles and essays have appeared in periodicals such as the Stanford Law Review, Columbia Law Review, Texas Law Review, Vanderbilt Law Review, Hastings Law Review, Iowa Law Review, American Journal of Comparative Law, and the Partisan Review. His two-co-authored books are Data Privacy Law (1996, Supp. 1998), the first and most in-depth study of the privacy protection provided for personal information in the United States, and Data Protection Law and On-line Services: Regulatory Responses (1998), a study carried out for the Commission of the European Union that examines emerging issues in Internet privacy in four European countries.

Professor Schwartz has provided advice and testimony to numerous governmental bodies in the United States and Europe. In 1994, he testified regarding the protection of privacy in health care reform before a sub-committee of the U.S. House of Representatives. He has also acted as an advisor to the Commission of the European Union on privacy issues. On behalf of the Practising Law Institute, he has served as co-chair for a series of Annual Institutes on Privacy Law in New York and San Francisco.

Before his appointment at Brooklyn Law School, Professor Schwartz taught at the University of Arkansas School of Law (Fayetteville) and visited at institutions including Boston College Law School and Case Western Reserve University Law School. Paul Schwartz is a graduate of Yale Law School, where he served as senior editor of the Yale Law Journal. He received his undergraduate education at Brown University.

Barbara Simons

Barbara Simons was ACM President from July 1998 until June 2000. ACM is the oldest and largest scientific and educational computer society in the world, with about 80,000 members internationally. Prior to becoming ACM President, Simons chaired the ACM Committee for Scientific Freedom and Human Rights and founded and chaired ACM’s U.S. Technology Policy Committee (USACM). Simons was elected Secretary of the Council of Scientific Society Presidents (CSSP) in 1999; she has been on the CSSP Board since 1998. She has been a member of the U.C. Berkeley Engineering Fund Board of Directors since 1998. She was appointed to the Advisory Board of Zero Knowledge in 2000, and she has been on the Board of the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) since 1998. Simons is a Fellow of ACM and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Simons earned her Ph.D. in computer science from U.C. Berkeley; her dissertation solved a major open problem in scheduling theory. She became a Research Staff Member at IBM’s San Jose Research Center (now Almaden), where she did research on scheduling theory, compiler optimization, and fault tolerant distributed computing. She received an IBM Research Division Award for her work on clock synchronization. She then joined IBM’s Applications Development Technology Institute and subsequently served as senior technology advisor for IBM Global Services. Simons holds several patents and has authored numerous technical papers.

Simons received the Alumnus of the Year Award from the Computer Science Department at U.C. Berkeley in 2000. She was selected by c|net as one of its 26 Internet "Visionaries" and was named one of the "Top 100 Women in Computing" by Open Computing. She has received the Norbert Wiener Award from the Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility, and the Pioneer Award from the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Science Magazine featured her in a special edition on women in science in 1992.

Robert Ellis Smith

Since 1974 Robert Ellis Smith has published Privacy Journal newsletter and several reference books about privacy. A lawyer based in Providence RI, he is the author of Ben Franklin's Web Site, an account of privacy in American history.