Telemarketing and the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA)

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Telemarketing is a practice where a business initiates a phone call in order to propose a commercial transaction. Millions of telemarketing calls are made to individuals every year. Telemarketing is highly unpopular among Americans; public opinion on telemarketing routinely shows that the vast majority of Americans object to unsolicited sales calls.

Business to consumer telemarketing takes place in two different ways: first, inbound telemarketing is the business use of a telephone to accept consumer calls regarding a product. Inbound telemarketing usually occurs where a consumer responds to direct mail or a television advertisement. Second, outbound telemarketing is the practice of placing calls to consumers for sales purposes. Outbound telemarketing may take place in a "boiler room," a makeshift office that houses persons on an hourly rate to make sales calls. These employees may not be familiar with federal and state telemarketing rules, as there is a 60-70% turnover rate in the industry.

Telemarketing is popular because it is an inexpensive way to market products. Costs are low for the telemarketer, but high on the individual who may be annoyed, inconvenienced, or even psychologically harmed by numerous hang-up calls during the day. In weighing the costs of phone sales, telemarketers and telemarketing industry groups do not consider the costs that are imposed on telephone subscribers, such as the expense incurred from lost time, the monthly cost of caller ID or privacy manager services, the purchase of answering machines to screen calls, and the monthly cost of maintaining an unlisted phone number.

Numerous companies offer advice to individuals who wish to start their own telemarketing venture. For instance, advises sales callers that they should attempt to gain individuals' trust before reading from the telemarketing script:

"When you are making outbound calls, you must attract the customer's interest in the first ten to fifteen seconds of the phone call. Engage the customer in a friendly conversation so that you can build trust and establish polite inquiry as to the person's state of mind. Open with something casual like "How are you today?" Do not attempt to launch into the sales pitch until you get the customer talking and feeling positive about your intentions."

"...As early as possible, you want to smoothly qualify this individual as a prospect without causing him or her to hang up. You must remember that the prospect is thinking "I don't want this" and your job is to reverse this thinking."

Telemarketing Law and Practices

Telemarketing is governed primarily by two statutes.

First is the Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 (TCPA), 47 U.S.C. § 227. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has authority to collect complaints and institute enforcement actions against violators of the TCPA. In simple terms, the TCPA and its progeny bar most autodialed or prerecorded calls, texts, or faxes unless made with prior express consent. For telephonic communications, the TCPA and the FCC’s implementing regulations distinguish between calls to residential numbers and calls and texts to wireless numbers. The FCC’s implementing regulations have also narrowed the categories of communications subject to TCPA liability.

The TCPA grants consumers a private right of action to enforce the Act against telemarketers and robocallers. Callers can face a penalty of up to $500 or the actual monetary loss in damages per violation, whichever is greater, and treble damages for each willful or knowing violation.

Residential Numbers

The TCPA bars all non-emergency calls using an artificial or prerecorded voice without prior express consent of the called party, unless the call is made solely to collect a debt owed to or guaranteed by the United States. The TCPA also allows the FCC at its discretion to exempt certain calls pursuant to its authority under 47 U.S.C. § 227(b)(2). Section 227(b)(2)(B) empowers the FCC to issue rules exempting calls to residential numbers that are not made for commercial purposes or that are made for commercial purposes but do not adversely affect privacy rights and do not include unsolicited advertisements.

The FCC’s regulations further require that the prior express consent must be written. Under the FCC’s regulations, no consent if any kind is required if the call:

  • Is made for emergency purposes;
  • Is not made for commercial purposes;
  • Is made for commercial purposes but does not include or introduce an advertisement or constitute telemarking;
  • Is made by or on behalf of a tax-exempt nonprofit; or
  • Delivers a health care message as defined under HIPAA.

Wireless Numbers

The TCPA bars all non-emergency communications using an ATDS/autodialer or an artificial or prerecorded voice without prior express consent, unless the call is made solely to collect a debt owed to or guaranteed by the United States. The TCPA also allows the FCC at its discretion to exempt certain calls pursuant to its authority under 47 U.S.C. § 227(b)(2). Section 227(b)(2)(C) empowers the FCC to issue rules exempting calls to wireless numbers that “are not charged to the called party, subject to such conditions as the Commission may prescribe as necessary in the interest of the privacy rights this section is intended to protect.”

Under the FCC's regulations, the form of consent depends on the content of the communication:

  • Prior express written consent of the called party if the call introduces an advertisement or constitutes telemarketing;
  • Prior express written or oral consent of the called party if the call:
    • Does not include or introduces an advertisement or constitutes telemarketing;
    • Introduces an advertisement or constitutes telemarketing made by or on behalf of a tax-exempt nonprofit; or
    • Delivers a health care message as defined under HIPAA.

Second, the Telemarketing and Consumer Fraud Abuse Prevention Act, addresses specific aspects of telemarketing, and empowers the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to issue the Telemarketing Sales Rule (TSR), 16 C.F.R. Part 310. Currently, the TSR restrictions on telemarketers include:

  • Telemarketers must make certain disclosures at the outset of the sales call. These disclosures include the name of the seller and that the call is being made for sales purposes. In case of a purchase, the telemarketer must disclose the total charge of the sale, whether there are restrictions on the sale, and whether there is a refund policy.
  • Sweepstakes telemarketing involve special disclosures as well. The telemarketer must inform the call recipient that no purchase is necessary in order to participate, the odds for winning, and whether there is a cost associated with participation.
  • Calls cannot be initiated before 8 AM or after 9 PM in the recipient's timezone.
  • Telemarketers must obtain "express verifiable authorization" before engaging in certain transactions, such as making a draft directly from a bank account.
  • Telemarketers must maintain records, including records of advertisements, sales records, and employee records.

It is important to note that the TSR does not apply to certain forms of telemarketing, including most business-to-business sales calls, telemarketing by banks, federal financial institutions, common carriers (phone companies and airlines), insurance companies, and non-profit organizations.

Two other rules provide additional protections to consumers: the Mail and Telephone Order Rulegoverns representations regarding the delivery of products purchased through telemarketing. The Telephone Disclosure and Dispute Resolution Act (1992) required federal agencies to develop the 900 Number Rule. The 900 Number rule governs disclosures and procedures associated with pay-per-call services. Both of these rules primarily address consumer protection issues outside the scope of privacy protection.

Unsolicited Commercial Faxes or "Junk Faxes"

The TCPA of 1991 specifically prohibited the sending of unsolicited chimerical fax messages ("junk faxes") to someone without first obtaining their consent. Additionally, all commercial fax messages sent must include accurate information on the time and date they were sent, and the phone number of the sending fax machine.

Unsolicited junk faxes are illegal because they are "cost-shifted" advertising messages. That is, commercial entities can send thousands of solicitations to individuals, and the recipient bears the burden of paying for the fax toner and paper.

The California Public Utilities Commission issued a report in 1991 showing that junk faxes cost California consumers $17 million a year. The Commission has issued a study to update this figure.

In other states, individuals have joined class action lawsuits to limit junk faxes. In 1995, an Augusta, Georgia man brought a large class action against the "Hooters" restaurant chain. In 2001, a Federal Court awarded the class a $12 million verdict against Hooters.

The Federal Communications Commission also pursues junk faxers. In 2001, the FCC fined 21st Century Fax $1 million for sending unsolicited fax messages.

Junk faxes are often sent on behalf of a company by a blast fax centers, such as and other junk faxers have been cited many times by the FCC.

Despite these different approaches to enforcement, junk faxes continue to be sent. Junk fax businesses openly sell fax numbers, software, and complete junk faxing packages on the Internet. For instance, Dialcentric markets fax broadcasting systems via E-mail and web sites:

1 Million Fax Leads & Fax Broadcasting Software Only $149!
Fax broadcasting is the hot new way to market your product or service. You can not beat fax broadcasting for cost effectiveness and reliability. Get your information out to the masses for the lowest price.
People are 4 times more likely to read a fax than junk mail!
List includes fax numbers from every area code in the United States.
List includes business name, fax number, phone number, SIC code, & business description.
All fax numbers were verified 90 days ago.
Fax lists are constantly updated and cleaned.
The list comes on a CD and all fax numbers are fully exportable into most software.

Telemarketing and Fraud

Thousands of telemarketing sales calls are made to defraud consumers. Unscrupulous telemarketers even maintain "mooch" lists, databases of people who are most likely to be victimized by fraudulent sales calls.

State Attorneys General have initiated a number of cases to address fraudulent telemarketing. In 1999, Minnesota Attorney General Mike Hatch brought suit against US Bancorp for selling customer account information to MemberWorks, a telemarketing company. The Attorney General alleged that in addition to selling customer contact information, US Bancorp sold credit card numbers, checking account numbers, Social Security numbers, and account balance information. US Bancorp received $4 million and 22% commission on all sales that were completed using the information. US Bancorp settled the case, agreed to pay a $3 million fine, and agreed to end the practice of selling customer information to telemarketers.

Other prominent banks have sold individuals' personal information to telemarketers as well. Capital One, Chase Manhattan, Citibank, First U.S.A., Fleet Mortgage, GE Capital, and MBNA America all have provided their customers' personal and confidential information to fraudulent telemarketers. The financial institutions provided the telemarketers with the names, telephone numbers and other information about their customers. They also gave them the ability to charge customers' accounts without having to ask consumers to provide an account number. In one case, during a thirteen month period a national bank processed 95,573 cancellations of membership clubs and other products that were billed by preacquired account telemarketers without customers' authorization.

In addition to selling fraudulent products and services, "slamming" is a practice often conducted through telemarketing. Slamming is the practice of switching an individual's long distance company without consent.

Predictive Dialers

Telemarketers use special telephone tools to maximize the number of outgoing calls that the company can make. One of the more obnoxious tools is the "predictive dialer." Predictive dialers make many calls at the same time, and connect the telemarketer to the first person who answers the phone. Call recipients who pick up the phone after the first recipient hear "dead air," or a telephone call with no one on the other end, and are disconnected. In the telemarketing industry, the call recipients who hear dead air are termed "abandoned calls."

Some predictive dialers attempt to delay the recipient from hanging up the phone by sending a ring signal to the phone. Many people will remain on the line after hearing the ringing tone, increasing the likelihood that the next available telemarketer will capture the "abandoned call." If the predictive dialer calls a busy line or a line with an answering machine, it automatically schedules the line to be called again later.

The telemarketing industry is aware that predictive dialers cause frustration and the 2002 proposed changes to the TSR would prohibit the use of predictive dialers where they produce "dead air."

Phone Companies Profiteer from Telemarketing Sales and Avoidance of Telemarketing

Phone companies sell both the tools that enable telemarketing and products to help individuals avoid sales calls. To enable telemarketing, phone companies sell dialing equipment, the lines and infrastructure that enable calling multiple persons at one time, and lists of new customers. To help individuals avoid telemarketing, the phone companies sell unlisted numbers, caller ID, and systems such as Privacy Manager.

Anti-Telemarketing Technology

There are commercial products that may reduce the number of telemarketing calls received.

These devices work in different ways. Some send a signal over the line when the phone rings. The signal indicates that the line is disconnected to telemarketers using predictive dialers. This type of product only works against telemarketers who use predictive dialers. Smaller telemarketing companies may not possess predictive dialers, and would evade the device.

Other devices play a prerecorded message for the telemarketer requesting that the call recipient be placed on a do-not-call list. There are also services offered by some phone companies that will automatically screen calls that are sent without caller id (CID) information.

Telephone companies themselves offer some services that can help individuals avoid telemarketing calls. These services include Caller ID, anonymous call rejection, and phone services that require the caller to give identification before the recipient's phone line will ring.

Telemarketing and Workplace Privacy

Individuals who work in telemarketing call centers experience invasive monitoring. The telemarketing business is privacy invasive both to its workers and to its customers. Callers are regularly monitored for speed in making calls and the number of times they use the customer's name. For more on this issue, please visit the EPIC Workplace Privacy Page.

What You Can Do to Reduce Telemarketing

Individuals are at a disadvantage when trying to eliminate or reduce the number of telemarketing calls received. There are many call centers in the United States that make tens of thousands of calls per day.

In order to reduce the number of telemarketing calls receive, we suggest these tactics:

  • Sign up for the National Do Not Call Registry. The Registry is maintained by the FTC. If a telemarketer contacts you after you've added yourself to the list, you can file a complaint with the FTC.
  • When possible, minimize the amount of personal data that you share with the government and businesses. For instance, if a retail store requests your phone number, do not share it with the store unless it is necessary to complete a transaction. Additionally, do not place your phone number on product surveys or warranty cards. Surveys and warranty cards are used to profileand target individuals for more advertising.
  • Opt-out of telemarketing, credit reporting agency, and CPNI databases.
    1. The Direct Marketing Association offers an opt-out system called the " Telephone Preference Service." You can opt-out online via the TPS for a $5 fee, or send the DMA a letter to opt out at no charge.
    2. Several phone companies have announced that they will sell Customer Proprietary Network Information (CPNI) unless individuals opt-out. CPNI includes detailed account information about individuals who have a telephone line. To learn about CPNI and how to opt-out, see the EPIC CPNI Page.
    3. A 1999 federal law, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, allows individuals to opt-out of information sharing done by banks, insurance companies, and brokerage houses. Be sure to call your financial institutions and request to opt-out from information sharing. Chances are, your bank or credit card company either sells your personal information to telemarketers or operates a telemarketing business with your personal information through an affiliate. You can learn more about Gramm-Leach-Bliley and financial privacy at Privacy Rights Now!.
  • Tell telemarketers to put you on the "DO-NOT-CALL list." to assist individuals communicate the correct message. You'll be placed on a "skip" list. That is, the telemarketer will likely keep your phone number but program their equipment to not call your phone number again. Even if you do request this, if the caller is from a data center, they may be able to call you again on behalf of a different client. To avoid this, be sure to say that you do not want any calls from affiliated businesses as well.
  • Under the law, you have the legal right to request the telemarketer's do not call policy. Consider asking telemarketers who call you to send the list to you by certified mail. If they fail to do so, you may have a right of action against them for $500 minimum damages.
  • File a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) if you believe that you are the victim of illegal telemarketing.
  • Your state may provide protections that are broader than federal law. For a summary of state protections, see "State Action to Address Telemarketing" above.
  • Notify your attorney general if you believe that you are the victim of illegal telemarketing. For a listing of all attorney generals, see the National Association of Attorneys General Website.


Telemarketing Companies

  • Ameridial. "Ameridial's trained agents make about 70 million outbound calls per year, specializing in building custom databases and delivering pre-qualified leads. Ameridial maintains 300+ automated stations with predictive & preview dialing capabilities."
  • Dunhill International List Company. Sells lists of personal information for telemarketing including the "New Baby Database," "Subprime Auto Loan Applicants," "Affluent America," and many other lists.
  • American Teleservices Association. A telemarketing industry group.
  • Direct Marketing Association. A marketing industry group.

Previous Top News >>

  • EPIC Comments on Petition Seeking an Okay on the use of Auto Dialers. In commentsto the Federal Communications Commission, EPIC urged the agency to reject a petition by ACA International that would have allowed the use of auto dialers by debt collection businesses. The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 prohibits the use of auto dialers to contact telephone devices. EPIC told the agency that the incidents of identity theft in the US made the claim by ACA that it only seeks to collect outstanding debt suspect. EPIC also told the agency that it correctly interpreted Congressional intent in the rule promulgated and should not reverse itself on this matter. For more information on telemarketing and the Telephone Consumer Protect Act, see:
  • EPIC Comments on Canadian Do-Not-Call Registry.In comments (also available in pdf) to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission, EPIC urged officials to take a consumer-friendly approach to implementing new telemarketing regulations. Such an approach would include limiting exemptions to the Do-Not-Call rules and making it easy for individuals to enroll. (Apr 3, 2006)
  • EPIC Comments on Junk Fax Law.In comments (also available in pdf) to the Federal Communications Commission, EPIC recommended protections to shield individuals against junk faxes. Congress recently passed the Junk Fax Prevention Act, which requires senders of unsolicited commercial fax messages to broadcast privacy notices and instructions on how to opt out. For more information, see EPIC's Junk Fax Page. (Jan. 18, 2006)
  • EPIC Opposes Preemption of Junk Fax Laws.In comments (also available in pdf) to the Federal Communications Commission, EPIC argued that federal law should not supercede or "preempt" California's heightened protections against junk faxes. Junk faxes are unsolicited commercial facsimile messages. California law prohibits their transmission without affirmative consent from the recipient, but junk faxers are seeking to invalidate those rules. (Jan. 17, 2006)
  • FTC Fines Directv $5.3M for Telemarketing Violations.The Federal Trade Commission today announced a agreementwith satellite television provider Directv where the company agreed to pay $5.3 million to settle violations of the Do-Not-Call Telemarketing Registry. Directv was using telemarketing agents to call individuals on the Do-Not-Call Registry, and these agents were "abandoning" calls, that is, initiating a call and hanging up before the consumer can answer. Today's settlement was the largest amount levied against any company for violations of the Do-Not-Call rules. (Dec. 13, 2005)
  • Privacy Groups, Senators Oppose Preemption of Anti-Telemarketing Laws.EPIC and 11 consumer advocacy groups urgedthe Federal Communications Commission not to preempt strong anti-telemarketing laws. Retailers like the Sports Authority, banks, and telemarketers are trying to invalidate all state telemarketing laws, which would lead to a massive increase of unwanted sales calls. Sen. Bill Nelson and nine other senators also filed a letter (pdf) opposing preemption. For more information, see the Indiana Attorney General's Save the Do Not Call Listand EPIC Telemarketing Preemptionpages. (Jul. 29, 2005)
  • Your Help Is Needed to Protect the Do-Not-Call Registry. Send Comments Today to the Federal Trade Commission. The Federal Trade Commission has proposed to create a loopholein telemarketing regulations that will allow companies to deliver "prerecorded message telemarketing" to their existing customers. This type of telemarketing also leaves "answering machine spam," unwanted messages on voicemail. Even those enrolled in the Do-Not-Call Registry will be affected by the proposed loophole. In order to stop this proposed loophole, you need to file commentswith the Federal Trade Commission. It will take you less than ten minutes to protect the Do-Not-Call Registry. The Commission is accepting comments until January 10, 2005.

    Under the proposal, companies could call their current customers and play a recorded message. The message would have to give the consumer an opportunity to opt out of the calls, either by pressing a button or by calling a toll-free number. The key to the proposal is the definition of businesses' "current customers." Under the Do-Not-Call Regulations, a business relationship exists whenever an individual makes an inquiry about or buys any product or service. Inquiries create a relationship for three months; purchases for eighteen. During that period, the company can make telemarketing calls even if the individual is enrolled in the Do-Not-Call Registry, and the individual must opt out of each business relationship individually. Technically, under the regulations, buying a cup of coffee creates a business relationship that permits telemarketing for eighteen months.

    The Commission's proposal comes at a time where technology and business practices could create the "perfect storm" for a barrage unwanted telemarketing and answering machine spam. Technologically, with Internet telephony (VoIP), it now is easier and less expensive to use a regular computer to initiate automated, prerecorded voice calls. Additionally, many retail businesses are asking for identification information at the point of sale. Companies collecting this information could exploit this loophole to send volumes of prerecorded telemarketing and answering machine spam.

    EPIC and a coalition of privacy groups will file formal comments on the loophole, stressing that individuals can opt in to this form of telemarketing if they choose, but that a mere business relationship should not authorize companies to deliver prerecorded messages (Jan. 2005)

  • Coalition Opposes Telemarketing Loophole.EPIC, joined by a coalition of consumer and privacy groups, filed commentstoday with the Federal Trade Commission and Federal Communications Commission urging the agencies not to create a loophole for prerecorded established business relationship telemarketing. If the loophole is adopted, businesses could send prerecorded messages to their customers, even if they are on the Do-Not-Call Registry. Senators Bill Nelson (D-FL) and Diane Feinstein (D-CA) have also objected (PDF) to the proposed loophole. For more information, see the EPIC Telemarketing Page. (Jan. 10, 2005)
  • Sen. Nelson Joins EPIC in Opposing Telemarketing Loophole.Senator Bill Nelson (D-FL) has called uponthe Federal Trade Commission to abandon a proposed loophole to the telemarketing Do-Not-Call Registry. The loophole would allow companies to send recorded messages to persons with whom they have done business. In a letter (PDF) to the FTC, Nelson warned that the loophole threatens to erode consumer privacy and flood homes with unwanted messages. EPIC and Nelson are urging the public to commenton the loophole by January 10, 2005. (Dec. 7, 2004)
  • EPIC Joins Brief on Junk Faxes Before the Georgia Supreme Court.EPIC and Private Citizen, Inc. argued in a brief (PDF) to the Georgia Supreme Court that: "Junk faxing is simply electronic trespass as a means to committing advertising by theft-the electronic equivalent of junk mail sent postage due." In the case, Carnett's Inc. v. Michelle Hammond, the court will determine whether individuals can bring class action suits under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act, and whether an "established business relationship" exemption exists that would permit sending unwanted faxes. (Oct. 18, 2004)
  • Telemarketers Fail to Block Do-Not-Call Registry.The Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal by telemarketers attempting to invalidate the Do-Not-Call Registry. More than 62 million numbers are now enrolled in the registry. For more information, see the EPIC Do-Not-Call Registry TimelinePage. (Oct. 4, 2004)
  • Court Upholds Do-Not-Call Registry.The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit has upheld (pdf) the Federal Trade Commission Do-Not-Call Registry against a legal challenge brought by telemarketers. The decision allows the continued operation of the list, allows the government to levy fees on telemarketers for its operation, and recognizes that the FTC has the authority to create and operate the list. For more information, see the EPIC Do-Not-Call TimelinePage. (Feb. 17, 2004)
  • DMA Issues Telemarketing Study.The Direct Marketing Association has issued a studyon the telemarketing industry in the wake of the Do-Not-Call Registry's enforcement. The study found that the inidustry has been deeply affected by the registry, which prohibits contact with 55.5 percent of the consumer public. The study states this averages out to approximately 118 million consumers, 18 million of which are telemarketing "customers," having bought from telemarketers in the past 12 months, while 98 million are non-customers. (Nov. 18, 2003)
  • FCC Approves Telemarketing No Call Registry.The Federal Communications Commission has authorized a national telemarketing do-not-call registrythat will be operated in conjunction with the Federal Trade Commission. Individuals can enroll in the registry online starting tomorrow, June 27, 2003. It is estimated that individuals who enroll in the registry will experience a 70% reduction in telemarketing calls. The new rules also require written consent from an individual before a business can send a "junk fax." (Jun. 26, 2003)
  • Congress Nears Passage of "Do-Not-Call" Bill.By a 418-7 vote, the House of Representatives passed telemarketing legislationthat will allow the FTC to operate a national Do-Not-Call list. The DNC list is supported by the Bush Administration, and the Senate is likely to approve telemarketing legislation this week. (Feb. 13, 2003)
  • FTC Announces National Do-Not-Call List.The FTC will establish a national DNC listthat will accommodate both Internet and toll-free phone number enrollment. The new regulations also require telemarketers to transmit caller ID information, establish new rules for the use of preacquired account number information, and prohibit "abandoned" calls. For the list to operate, Congress will have to approve the levying of charges to the telemarketing industry in order to fund the program. EPIC and a coalition of consumer and civil liberties groups submitted detailed commentsin favor of a DNC list. (Dec. 18, 2002)
  • EPIC Files Comments on the TCPA.EPIC and ten leading advocacy groups filed commentswith the Federal Communications Commission on the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA). The groups advocated the creation of a telemarketing "do-not-call" registry and for the requirement that telemarketers send Caller ID information. (Dec. 8, 2002)
  • FCC Solicits Comments on Telemarketing.The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has issued a noticeof proposed rulemaking on the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA), a federal law that regulates telemarketing and fax advertising. The notice requests comments on creating a national do-not-call list, and on regulations for autodialers and prerecorded voice telemarketing. Any member of the public can comment until November 22, 2002, and has posted a systemto facilitate submission of comments. (Oct. 8, 2002)
  • EPIC Urges Individuals to Send Comments on the Changes to the TSR.The Federal Trade Commission is soliciting your comments on changes to the Telemarketing Sales Rule (TSR). The TSR governs how many telemarketers may make calls to your home. This is your opportunity to tell the FTC how to limit telemarketing calls and to increase your privacy! It is important that members of the public comment. You can do so until April 15, 2002. EPIC and thirteen leading consumer organizations filed commentson the TSR on April 10, 2002. Individuals are free to copy and paste from these comments in their own submission.

    The FTC's request for comments is complex and it includes privacy issues, consumer protection issues, and technical aspects of telemarketing. EPIC is advising the public to include these issues in their comments:

    • The FTC should create a national do-not-call registry for individuals who wish to avoid sales calls. Individuals should be able to enroll by postal mail, e-mail, by dialing a toll-free number, or by submitting a phone number on a web page. Enrollment should be a simple process with a minimum amount of authentication.
    • The FTC should place an affirmative obligation on telemarketers to transmit caller ID information every time a sales call is initiated. Telemarketers should transmit an accurate, listed phone number of their customer service department.
    • The FTC should require all telemarketers to improve their autodialer technology so that there are no "abandoned" calls.
    • The FTC should ban the collection of billing information from anyone other than the consumer, and the disclosure of billing information to any person to use in telemarketing.
    • The FTC should explore ways of making all commercial entities who engage in telemarketing, including banks and common carriers, subject to the standards in the Telemarketing Sales Rule.
  • EPIC Files Comments on Telemarketing Practices.EPIC and thirteen leading consumer advocacy groups filed commentswith the Federal Trade Commission on the Telemarketing Sales Rule (TSR). The groups advocated the creation of a telemarketing "do-not-call" registry, a requirement that telemarketers send Caller ID information, and for a prohibition on automatic dialers that produce abandoned calls. Individuals can still comment on the TSR until April 15, 2002. For more information, see the EPIC Telemarketing Page. (Apr. 10, 2002)
  • FTC Seeks Comment on Telemarketing Sales Rule.EPIC is urging individuals to comment on the Federal Trade Commission's (FTC) proposed changes to the Telemarketing Sales Rule (TSR). The TSR regulates how telemarketers can make sales calls. More information and suggested comments are available on the EPIC Telemarketing Page. (Feb. 7, 2002)
  • FTC Proposes Telemarketing Do-Not-Call List.The Federal Trade Commission has issued proposed changesto the Telemarketing Sales Rule (TSR) that would create a national Do-Not-Call (DNC) list for individuals who wish to avoid sales calls. The proposed changes would also prohibit the use of "pre-acquired account information" in telemarketing. The FTC has encouraged individuals to commenton the changes online. (Jan. 25, 2002)
  • FTC Chairman Announces Privacy Agenda.Timothy Muris, Chairman of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), today released a new privacy agendafor the agency. The agenda calls for a 50% increase in privacy resources, improved privacy complaint handling, more protection for consumers from spam, telemarketing, pretexting and ID theft, and increased enforcement of privacy policies and existing laws such as the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) and the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). The Chairman concluded, however, that it was "too soon" to recommend broad-based online privacy legislation. (Oct. 4)
  • Federal Court Severely Restricts Consumer Privacy.On August 18, the U.S. Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals handed down a decisionthat erodes consumer control over telephone usage information. The court ruled that phone companies can sell or give consumer proprietary network information (CPNI) -- which includes the location, duration, and frequency of phone calls -- to telemarketers without the explicit permission of customers. The Federal Communications Commission has announced that it will appeal the decision. (Aug. 18, 1999)

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Communications Law and Policy

Communications Law and Policy
Jerry Kang and Alan Butler