The Code of Fair Information Practices
The Code of Fair Information Practices was the central contribution of the HEW (Health, Education, Welfare) Advisory Committee on Automated Data Systems.
The Advisory Committee was established in 1972, and the report was released in July 1973. The citation for the report is as follows: U.S. Dep’t. of Health, Education and Welfare, Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Automated Personal Data Systems, Records, computers, and the Rights of Citizens viii (1973).
The Code of Fair Information Practices is based on five principles:
- There must be no personal data record-keeping systems whose very existence is secret.
- There must be a way for a person to find out what information about the person is in a record and how it is used.
- There must be a way for a person to prevent information about the person that was obtained for one purpose from being used or made available for other purposes without the person’s consent.
- There must be a way for a person to correct or amend a record of identifiable information about the person.
- Any organization creating, maintaining, using, or disseminating records of identifiable personal data must assure the reliability of the data for their intended use and must take precautions to prevent misuses of the data.
Records, Computers and the Rights of Citizens
HEW Advisory Committee on Automated Personal Data Systems | 1973
From the Filing Cabinet to the Cloud: Updating the Privacy Act of 1974
Robert Gellman | 2021
Fair Information Practices: A Basic History – Version 2.21
Robert Gellman | 2021
Privacy’s Constitutional Moment and the Limits of Data Protection
Woodrow Hartzog and Neil Richard | 2019
The Inadequate, Invaluable Fair Information Practices
Woodrow Hartzog | 2017
The Origin of Fair Information Practices: Archive of the Meetings of the Secretary’s Advisory Committee on Automated Personal Data Systems (SACAPDS)
Chris Jay Hoofnagle | 2014
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