The Honorable Nancy Pelosi Speaker of the House U.S. House of Representatives H-232, the Capitol Washington, DC 20515
RE: Move H.R. 8152, the American Data Privacy and Protection Act
Dear Speaker Pelosi:
The undersigned 48 civil rights, privacy, and consumer organizations urge you to expeditiously move H.R. 8152, the American Data Privacy and Protection Act (ADPPA), to a vote by the full House of Representatives. ADPPA is comprehensive federal privacy and civil rights legislation that will, for the first time, create real and lasting protections for the personal data of hundreds of millions of consumers in America. It will also significantly expand equal opportunity online through strong anti-discrimination provisions, algorithmic bias assessments, and heightened protections for data that reveal sensitive information about a person. The bill, which was reported out of the Energy and Commerce Committee on a bipartisan 53-2 vote, is the product of input from a variety of stakeholders across the political spectrum.
The American Data Privacy and Protection Act strengthens civil rights and privacy protections nationwide. To accomplish these sweeping advancements and bring relief to millions today, we understand that some compromise is necessary. ADPPA has limited preemption of state privacy laws that cover the same issues as ADPPA. It does not preempt state civil rights laws, consumer protection laws of general applicability, or laws related to student or employee privacy, health privacy, financial privacy, social security numbers, facial recognition, electronic surveillance, encryption, or several other categories.
We commend California and other states for leading the way in establishing state-level privacy protections, such as the California Privacy Rights Act (CPRA). ADPPA builds on the success of CPRA, raising data protections for Californians and the rest of the country. For example, ADPPA includes civil rights protections, algorithmic bias testing, limits on targeted advertising to kids, and a private right of action — none of which are present in California or other state privacy laws. Everyone throughout the United States deserves to have their privacy and civil rights protected. State attorneys general and state privacy authorities, like the California Privacy Protection Agency, will be able to enforce ADPPA.
The American Data Privacy and Protection Act contains significant new protections for civil rights and data privacy, including:
Strong civil rights protections that prohibit using personal data in a manner that discriminates in goods or services on the basis of protected characteristics;
Data minimization provisions that limit data collection, use, and sharing, and that impose heightened restrictions on sensitive data such as browsing history, location data, health information, and biometric data;
Requirements to test algorithms for bias and measure potential impacts on equal access to and eligibility for housing, employment, credit, education, insurance, health care, and public accommodations;
Strong protections for kids’ and teens’ data, including a ban on targeted advertising to anyone under 17 years old and a new FTC office focused on youth marketing;
Individual rights to access, correct, and delete one’s personal information;
Data broker regulations and global opt-outs for consumers;
Robust transparency and data security requirements;
Reasonable enforcement provisions, including FTC enforcement authority, enforcement authority for state attorneys general and state privacy agencies, and private right of action; and
Preservation of state civil rights laws and other types of state laws that are important for the protection of consumers and marginalized communities.
We will continue to work to improve the bill as it moves to the floor and concerns are considered, however we strongly believe that H.R. 8152 will provide long overdue and much needed protections for individuals and communities. The bill is a meaningful compromise that has bipartisan support. Congress has the opportunity to act now to protect people’s data — and thus their privacy and civil rights.
The time is now to pass a comprehensive federal privacy and civil rights law. We fear that a failure to move the bill in this Congress will forestall progress on this issue for years to come. We urge you to move the bill to a vote as soon as possible.
Access Now ADL (Anti-Defamation League) Americans for Democratic Action (ADA) Asian Americans Advancing Justice – AAJC Autistic Self Advocacy Network Bend the Arc: Jewish Action Black Women’s Roundtable Center for Democracy & Technology Center for Digital Democracy Clearinghouse on Women’s Issues Common Cause Communications Workers of America Consumer Action Consumer Federation of America Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) Fairplay Feminist Majority Foundation Fight for the Future Filipina Women’s Network Free Press Action Global Project Against Hate and Extremism Hispanic Federation Impact Fund Japanese American Citizens League Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law Main Street Alliance Muslim Advocates NAACP National Action Network National Center for Parent Leadership, Advocacy, and Community Empowerment National Coalition on Black Civic Participation National Consumers League National Employment Law Project National Fair Housing Alliance National Hispanic Media Coalition National Organization for Women National Urban League New America’s Open Technology Institute OCA – Asian Pacific American Advocates Open MIC (Open Media and Information Companies Initiative) Proton Public Knowledge Ranking Digital Rights Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Sikh American Legal Defense and Education Fund The Center for Asian Pacific American Women (CAPAW) The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights UnidosUS