EPIC v. CIA - CIA Spying on Congress
- EPIC Publishes 2015 FOIA Gallery: In celebration of Sunshine Week, EPIC has created a "FOIA Gallery" of its most significant open government cases from the past year. EPIC obtained documents about the Army's surveillance blimps over Washington, the NSA's domestic surveillance authority, the FBI's formerly secret surveillance reports, the CIA's surveillance of Congress, and license plate readers. EPIC also obtained significant court judgments in cases against the FBI concerning the Next Generation Identification system and the "Stingray" cellphone surveillance technique. EPIC published the first FOIA Gallery in 2001. (Mar. 16, 2015)
- CIA Releases Redacted Report on Surveillance of Congress: Several months after EPIC filed a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit against the Central Intelligence Agency, the agency has released the Inspector General's report on the agency's surveillance of Congress. The Inspector General launched an investigation after the Senate accused the CIA of improperly accessing the computers of Senate staff who were investigating CIA torture practices. The Inspector General found that CIA personnel improperly accessed Senate computers multiple times. The Inspector General also found that the CIA's accusations that Senate staff had improperly removed CIA files were baseless. EPIC will pursue release of the full, unredacted report. (Jan. 15, 2015) More top news »
In March, 2014, Senator Dianne Feinstein (D, CA), Chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee, publicly accused the CIA of secretly removing documents from the Committee, searching computers used by the Committee, and attempting to intimidate congressional investigators by requesting an FBI inquiry into their conduct. The Committee had been investigating the CIA's detention and interrogation program. As part of the Committee's investigation, it was given what the CIA assured was a secure, walled-off computer on the CIA's premises so that the Committee could document its investigation as it reviewed agency files.
Despite the CIA's assurances that this drive would only be accessible to Committee staff, the agency accessed and searched the Committee's files in that drive. CIA Director John Brennan disputed charges that the agency had conducted an improper search, stating, "Nothing could be further from the truth."
On July 31, 2014, the CIA confirmed that the CIA's Inspector General had conducted an investigation and concluded the agency had "improperly" accessed Senate computers. Public statements by the agency indicate that the CIA Inspector General found "that some CIA employees acted in a manner inconsistent with the common understanding reached" between the agency and the Committee.
Media reports indicate that CIA Director John Brennan had briefed Senators Feinstein and Chambliss (R-GA) about the Inspector General report, and that "The Director... apologized to them for such actions by CIA officers as described in the OIG [Office of Inspector General] Report." Senator Feinstein issued a public statement, acknowledging the report and Director Brennan's apology: "The investigation confirmed what I said on the Senate floor in March - CIA personnel inappropriately searched Senate Intelligence Committee computers in violation of an agreement we had reached, and, I believe, in violation of the constitutional separation of powers." Director Brennan apologized for these actions and submitted the IG report to an accountability board. Senator Ron Wyden, who also sits on the Intelligence committee, remarked that, "The CIA inspector general has confirmed what senators have been saying all along: The CIA conducted an unauthorized search of Senate files, and attempted to have Senate staff prosecuted for doing their jobs. Director Brennan's claims to the contrary were simply not true."
On July 31, 2014, the CIA released a one-page summary of the Inspector General's report. This summary does not include essential details, for instance: the level of seniority of the agency officials who accessed the Committee computers, the number of times the computers were accessed, specifically what files or documents were accessed, what was done with the improperly accessed data from the computers, and what remedies the Inspector General recommends.
EPIC also has a strong interest in domestic surveillance. In 2012 EPIC sought and obtained records revealing NYPD and CIA collaboration on the surveillance of Muslims and persons of Arab descent in New York, New Jersey, and elsewhere. EPIC has also sought and obtained records regarding justifications for warrantless surveillance of international telephone and Internet communications on American soil, including mostly unredacted version of two key memos by former Justice Department officials.
On July 31, 2014, EPIC sent a FOIA request to the CIA. EPIC asked for the following agency records: "all final reports of the CIA Inspector General regarding the CIA's involvement in the penetration of the Senate Intelligence Committee's computer network" as well as "executive summaries and related investigatory documents."
After receiving no response, EPIC filed a FOIA complaint, EPIC v. CIA, No. 14-01645 (Filed Oct. 1, 2014 D.D.C.), seeking the CIA Inspector General Report on October 1, 2014.
- CIA Inspector General Report: Agency Access to the SSCI Shared Drive on RDINet (Released Jan. 15, 2015)
- EPIC's FOIA Request to the CIA (Jul. 31, 2014)
- Stipulation of Voluntary Dismissal (Apr. 30, 2015)
- EPIC Motion for Attorneys' Fees (Apr. 3, 2015)
- Joint Status Report (Mar. 6, 2015)
- Minute Order (Dec. 1, 2014)
- Joint Status Report (Nov. 26, 2014)
- CIA's Answer (Nov. 13, 2014)
- Complaint (October 1, 2014)
- Conor Friedersdorf, The CIA Lawyer Who Led a Secret Effort to Spy on the Senate, The Atlantic, Feb. 9, 2015.
- Josh Gerstein, Reports Detail White House Role in CIA-Senate 'Spying' Flap, Politico, Jan. 15, 2015.
- Reuters, CIA Inquiry Clears Officials of Wrongdoing in Dispute With Senate Panel, N.Y. Times, Jan. 14, 2015.
- Matt Sledge, CIA Doesn't Think It's Keeping Too Many Secrets, The Huffington Post, Oct. 3, 2014.
- Ryab Abbott, CIA Mum Regarding Surveillance of U.S. Senate, Courthouse News Service, Oct. 3, 2014.
- Julian Hattem, CIA sued over Senate spying, The Hill, Oct. 2, 2014.
- Greg Miller, Ed O'Keefe and Adam Goldman, Feinstein: CIA searched Intelligence Committee computers, Washington Post, March 11, 2014.
- Greg Miller, CIA director John Brennan apologizes for search of Senate committee's computers, Washington Post, July 31, 2014.
- FoxNews, CIA director apologizes to lawmakers as probe finds officers read Senate emails, August 1, 2014.
- Sen. Ron Wyden, D-Ore., Wyden Statement on Unauthorized CIA Search of Senate Computer Files, July 31, 2014.
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Communications Law and Policy
Jerry Kang and Alan Butler